Farmers are the engine of our country’s Growth.From the era of Indus valley civilization,the indian fertile plains has remained a key contributer in development of civilization. From that times the Farmers had occupied an esteemed position in the society and even compared to God(who provides energy through their produce).The lots of sucides and riots in M.P and Maharashtra fragiled me to represent a precarious situations of our Farmers.
“A total of 12,602 persons involved in farming sector — 8,007 farmers-cultivators and 4,595 agricultural labourers – committed suicide during 2015, accounting for 9.4% of total suicide victims (133,623) in the country,” the Centre said.
Maharashtra topped the list with 4,291 suicides, followed by Karnataka with 1,569, Telangana 1,400, Madhya Pradesh 1,290, Chhattisgarh 954, Andhra Pradesh 916 and Tamil Nadu 606. Together, these seven states accounted for 87.5% of total suicides in the farming sector in the country -11,026 of 12,602.
These are all folly statistics which is not enough to have a deep insight into lives of a widow,fatherless children (a ray of hope).There is about 55% of population directly or indirectly engaged in agricultural activities.I am well sobered to write the plight and his effete.
Indian farmers faced two consecutive drought in a row–only happened 5 times since 1870 and the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs)for major crops have failed to keep pace with the net inflation levels for these respective years.The farm loans have gone up by 55 percent in first 3 yrs of modi government. This has happened due to hastened infusion of JANDHAN,ADHAR,MOBILE(JAM) no doubt it has solved the major problems of financial inclusions but only in urban areas. Rural people has not stopped to take loan from arhatiya who charges a handsome interest.About 44% of rural debt came from informal sources.
Demonetization and ban on cow slaughter sale restrictions disrupted cash flow toward them.The farmers agitations is against induced farm deflation, poverty and their understanding the progress of other communities at their expense.
What is my insensitive inhuman view of suicides? That the suicide of a loved one is one of the most inexplicable and depressing occurrences for any family member, or friend,to experience.That most of us,beyond a certain age, have known a dear one to have committed suicide.
The socio-economic Explanation according to experts,is that nobody wants to be a farmer anymore.why?
Because it is unremunerative,and relatively hard physical work.The children of farmers aspire for a well paying job.This is universal and natural phenomenon,this is why policy makers should have to be forward looking and prepare the “ground”for this change.
The seed of this mammoth tree has been down by pm Modi during his lok sabha election campaign and later took u turn by citing market distorting and unfeasible in report filed to supreme court in 2015.
The increasing cost of cultivation and low MSPs hike hit the profitability of the farmers hard.In 2010-11,a farmer made 39%profit on paddy.This has fallen to 6.5% and 6.7% in 2015-16 and 2016-17 respectively.
What is that farmers are demanding?
Simply remunerative prices for their farm produce. The best way to handle prices is to get the market right: abolish all the export bans,private stocking limits,better storage facilities,linkage with processing farms,contract farming,development chain like verka,amul etc,financial inclusion.
We hope government should come up with out of the box Initiative to redress their grievances as early as possible.